Abstract by Joshua Gregg
Physics and Astronomy
Nonlinear resonant ultrasound spectroscopy using electromagnetic excitation
Nonlinear resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (NRUS) is a method that can be used for detecting microcracks in structures. NRUS detects shifts in resonance frequencies versus excitation amplitude. Excitation of the sample is typically done with a piezoelectric transducer. We have been applying an electromagnetic excitation developed for resonant ultrasound spectroscopy as an alternative for NRUS excitation. It involves gluing a coil of wire onto the end of a rod-shaped sample and placing it in a magnetic field. By controlling which part of the coil is in the strongest part of the magnetic field, we can control the principle direction of the driven oscillations in the rod. This method allows us to selectively excite longitudinal, torsional, and bending vibrations and measure the nonlinear properties of the sample for each type of vibration. We have applied this electromagnetic method to measuring the nonlinear properties of Berea sandstone, and we plan to use it to detect stress corrosion cracking in stainless steel samples. The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate the usefulness of the electromagnetic method.