BYU

Abstract by Kelsey Canizales

Personal Infomation


Presenter's Name

Kelsey Canizales

Degree Level

Undergraduate

Abstract Infomation


Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Faculty Advisor

Kara Stowers
Brian Woodfield

Title

Catalysis of the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane

Abstract

            Ethylene is used worldwide in plastic production. The synthesis of ethylene from hydrocarbon feedstock is a common industrial process. Methods for ethane synthesis are done at temperatures > 1000 °C and are energetically and financially costly. The oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of ethane produces ethylene at much lower temperatures. We have developed transition metal oxide catalysts supported on alumina that can selectively produce ethylene from the ODH of ethane at temperatures as low as 400 °C. Nickel (II) oxide catalysts supported on silica-doped alumina have shown selectivity for ethylene up to 75%. These catalysts can produce 1 µmol ethylene s-1 gnickel-1, making them viable for industrial application.