BYU

Abstract by Hanna Burgin

Personal Infomation


Presenter's Name

Hanna Burgin

Degree Level

Undergraduate

Co-Authors

Jaron Hansen
Zachary Aanderud
Kate Thorpe

Abstract Infomation


Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Faculty Advisor

Jaron Hansen

Title

Increases in Anaerobic Digestion Biomethane Production Following Pretreatment with Caldicellulosiruptor bescii

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a renewable energy process used to convert biowaste into biomethane.  Because much of the carbon in initial substrates is not converted into biomethane, the process is too inefficient to be considered as a viable energy option.  This inefficiency occurs because AD substrates tend to contain high amounts of cellulose and lignin, which are difficult to break down. Caldicellulosiruptor bescii (C. bescii) is a hyperthermophilic anaerobe that can effectively break down lignocellulosic waste streams and transform them into more accessible forms of carbon.  For this reason, C. bescii was used as a biological pretreatment method preceding anaerobic digestion.  Lawn clippings, waste activated sludge, corn mash, and cow manure were each pretreated in 30 L vessels by C. bescii for 48 hours before the solution was transferred to 60 L AD vessels.  The produced gas was collected and measured for methane composition. Pretreatment with C. bescii lead to an increase in biomethane production during anaerobic digestion of each material.