Abstract by Aadesh Neupane
Learning Swarm Behaviors using Grammatical Evolution and Behavior Trees
Algorithms used in networking, operation research and optimization can be created using bio-inspired swarm behaviors, but it is difficult to mimic swarm behaviors that generalize through diverse environments. State-machine-based artificial collective behaviors evolved by standard Grammatical Evolution (GE) provide promise for general swarm behaviors but may not scale to large problems. This paper introduces an algorithm that evolves problem-specific swarm behaviors by combining multi-agent grammatical evolution and Behavior Trees (BTs). We present a BT-based BNF grammar, supported by different fitness function types, which overcomes some of the limitations in using GEs to evolve swarm behavior. Given human-provided, problem-specific fitness-functions, the learned BT programs encode individual agent behaviors that produce desired swarm behaviors. We empirically verify the algorithm's effectiveness on three different problems: single-source foraging, collective transport, and nest maintenance. Agent diversity is key for the evolved behaviors to outperform hand-coded solutions in each task.